Briquette coconut – The natural wealth in the form of the coconut that thrives in Indonesia is constantly being researched and developed for its exploitation. Roots, stems, leaves, fruits, and flowers are used in human life, but they are still being studied to optimize their use. For example, coir is sometimes left as residue that can only be burned. Actually, it can be optimized for use in charcoal formed into briquettes.
To date, charcoal briquettes have been used by the community for domestic, commercial, and industrial purposes. Compared to charcoal, briquettes are simpler and cleaner, so people are more interested in using them. In this study, the production of charcoal briquettes from coconut shells using wheat flour as the glue was investigated. The grain size of the coal and the concentration of the glue have a major impact on the quality of the briquettes produced.
Charcoal powder is mixed with glue in various concentrations, then shaped and baked. Using a 1:1 carbon weight to adhesive volume ratio, the results obtained were quite good with a carbon particle size of 40 mesh and an adhesive concentration of 3%. In this state, briquettes were obtained with a moisture content of 1.71%, an ash content of 1.5%, and a burning rate of 0.054 grams/minute.
The process of making charcoal briquettes from coconut shells
Carbonation process Manual control of the Barrels:
- Place the coconut shell in the barrel.
- Then bake with the lid closed until there are only small holes in the charcoal barrel.
- Place the coconut shell in a closed pyrolysis container.
- In addition, clouds of smoke condense into liquid smoke.
- Flour, charcoal that has been burned by hand or by pyrolysis methods, is then pulverized using a disk grinder.
In the filtration process, after going through the charcoal grinding process, it is filtered to produce the coconut shell charcoal with a softer and smoother size. The trick is to filter with a 50 mesh screen.
In the mixing medium, the flattened coconut shell flour is then mixed with water and starch glue with a starch glue dosage of up to 2.5% of the coconut shell flour.
Form the coconut briquette, after mixing all the ingredients well and doing the forming process with a forming machine.
Drying, the last one consists in drying the printed briquettes in an oven at 650 degrees C for about 2 hours, this drying can also be done with direct sunlight.
This is the end of the article that describes the process of making charcoal briquettes coconut shells and lighting charcoal briquettes for cooking or baking food. I hope the information provided is easy to understand and useful for readers. Many Thanks.